Community policing citizen partnership
Updated: Apr 14, 2021
Community policing is defined as a philosophy that promotes organizational strategies which support the systematic use of partnerships and problem-solving techniques, to proactively address the immediate conditions that give rise to public safety issues such as crime, social disorder, and fear of crime.
Community policing relies on collaborative partnerships between the law enforcement agency and the individuals and organizations they serve to develop solutions to problems and increase trust in police; the alignment of organization management, structure, personnel, and information systems to support community partnerships and proactive problem-solving efforts must be achieved.
It is important that the organizational structure of the agency ensures that local patrol officers have decision-making authority and are accountable for their actions. This can be achieved through long-term assignments, the development of officers who are generalists, and using special units appropriately. Community policing emphasizes proactive problem-solving in a systematic and routine fashion.
A major conceptual vehicle for helping law enforcement officers to think about problem-solving in a structured and disciplined way is the Scanning, Analysis, Response, Assessment (SARA) problem-solving model. Finally, police organizations should focus on factors that are within their reach, such as limiting criminal opportunities and access to victims, increasing guardianship, and associating risk with unwanted behavior and also the civic formation through training and education for crime prevention education.
Dr. Tomori Mareglen
Criminologist & Crime Analyst
Expert in Forensics Sciences,
Investigative Criminology & Intelligence
International Police Organization IPO